Inter-Body Fusion (IBF)
to be a less invasive way to fuse the spine, IBF is generally used
for the treatment of back pain caused by degenerative disc disease.
When the procedure is performed from the front (anterior) of the
spine, a minimally-invasive endoscopic technique may be used. The
surgery in the following animation is performed through an anterior
Fusion (Lumbar Spine, for Treatment of Spondylolisthesis)
this procedure, the surgeon permanently joins two or more vertebrae
in the spine. The vertebrae will grow together to form a single,
solid bone. Spinal fusion is commonly performed in the neck and
lower back, and may be used to correct a wide range of problems
in the spine. This animation shows a fusion in the lumbar spine
to correct a condition called spondylolisthesis, in which weakened
joints or fractured bones have allowed a vertebra to slip forward
and pinch a nerve root.
meniscus is a band of cartilage in the knee that acts as a shock
absorber and provides stability to the knee joint. The meniscus
helps protect the articular cartilage, the smooth covering on the
ends of the femur and tibia. If a meniscus tears, it can often be
repaired through arthroscopic surgery.